Women Rights In Turkey

In its less visible, more subtle forms, gender-based violence threatens the physical and emotional integrity of millions of women living in Turkey, and billions globally

TURKISH - CHINESE RELATIONS SINCE 1971 AND THE EAST TURKISTAN ISSUE

Turkish and Chinese people have historical relations since the periods of the Hun Empire and Göktürks. These relationships are driven, sometimes friendly and sometimes went to war in the history

Friday, November 13, 2015

At the G20 Antalya Summit will geopolitics overshadow economic issues?


2015 G20 leaders' summit will be held in Antalya, Turkey. 



The summit will be held in Antalya on November 15-16, 2015. Global economy, strengthened growth and job creation will be taken up at the summit in Turkey. The 2015 G-20 Turkey summit will be the tenth meeting of the G-20 heads of government. 




The G20 Leaders’ Summit, hosted by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, will be held in Antalya on 15 – 16 November.

Azerbaijan, Spain, Malaysia, Senegal, Singapore and Zimbabwe will also participate in the Antalya Summit together with the G20 members.



Approximately 13 thousand guests—of which 2,469 are media members—will participate in the two-day summit.

More than 70 meetings, including the ones at a ministerial level, have been held under the Turkish Presidency since 1 December.

The three main themes of this year’s G20 Summit were chosen as “inclusiveness, investment and implementation” based on the Turkish Presidency’s priorities. Within this framework, strengthening the global economy and making it more inclusive, deepening the dialogue and cooperation between G20 countries and Low Income Developing Countries (LIDCs), sustainable development, increasing investments, and implementation and follow-up on G20 commitments will be the main topics discussed in the Summit this year.

The Summit will commence with President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s welcoming ceremony of the G20 Leaders on 15 November and will continue with a working lunch in which the topics of development and climate change will be discussed. During the Summit, apart from the sessions that will gather leaders, the “Women-20” engagement group formed during the Turkish G20 Presidency will be represented.

Following the reception that Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu will host in honour of the Leaders and Spouses, there will be a working dinner hosted by President Erdoğan on the topic of “Global Challenges: Terrorism and the Refugee Crisis”.

On the second day of the Summit, financial regulations, the international tax agenda, anti-corruption actions and IMF reforms will be evaluated in the “Increasing Resilience” session. After this, during a working lunch, trade and energy issues will be discussed and the Antalya Action Plan will be adopted.


The Summit will conclude with a presentation given by the Chinese President, who will assume the 2016 G20 Presidency.


Finally, the results of the Antalya Summit will be announced globally with a press conference by the Turkish President.
Both G20 and BRICS Summits will be held in Antalya in Turkey in November 2015.

Turkey tightens security for upcoming G20 Antalya Summit






What is G20?

The Group of Twenty (also known as the G-20 or G20) is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies. The members, shown highlighted on the map at right, include 19 individual countries: ArgentinaAustraliaBrazilCanadaChinaFranceGermanyIndiaIndonesiaItalyJapanMexicoRussiaSaudi ArabiaSouth AfricaSouth KoreaTurkey, the United Kingdom and the United States—along with the European Union (EU). 


The G-20 was founded in 1999 with the aim of studying, reviewing, and promoting high-level discussion of policy issues pertaining to the promotion of international financial stability. It seeks to address issues that go beyond the responsibilities of any one organization. Collectively, the G-20 economies account for around 85% of the gross world product (GWP), 80% of world trade (or, if excluding EU intra-trade, 75%), and two-thirds of the world population. The G-20 heads of government or heads of state have periodically conferred at summits since their initial meeting in 2008.




Antalya will also host EXPO 2016.


Especially on behalf of Antalya area, we would like to take the opportunity of expressing our gratitude to Foreign Affairs Minister of Turkey Mr. Mevlut Cavusoglu (born in Antalya) for this event, and also more.

For more info: 

Wednesday, August 19, 2015

The Most Comprehensive Book About Russia: Putin's Country: Russian Federation Analysis


The Most Comprehensive Book About Russia: Putin's Country: Russian Federation Analysis published by the Seçkin Publications in July 2015. Editor: Assoc. Dr. Irfan Kaya Ülger


Me and Prof. Dr. Timuçin Kodaman wrote a comprehensive article about Russia and Central Asia: Russia's Central Asia Policy Under Putin's Era (From 2000 to Present) by Prof. Dr. Timucin KODAMAN & Isa Burak GONCA.


You can find our article in Russia's Foreign Policy section in the book: pages between 411-427.



Tuesday, June 30, 2015

What are the Priorities for 2015 and Key Messages of G20 under the Turkish Presidency?


In 2015, G20 leaders' summit will be held in Antalya, Turkey. 


The summit will be held in Antalya on November 15-16, 2015. Global economy, strengthened growth and job creation will be taken up at the summit in Turkey. The 2015 G-20 Turkey summit will be the tenth meeting of the G-20 heads of government. Turkey will assume the presidency of the G-20 in 2015.

What is G20?
The Group of Twenty (also known as the G-20 or G20) is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies. The members, shown highlighted on the map at right, include 19 individual countries: ArgentinaAustraliaBrazilCanadaChinaFranceGermanyIndiaIndonesiaItalyJapanMexicoRussiaSaudi ArabiaSouth AfricaSouth KoreaTurkey, the United Kingdom and the United States—along with the European Union (EU). 


The G-20 was founded in 1999 with the aim of studying, reviewing, and promoting high-level discussion of policy issues pertaining to the promotion of international financial stability. It seeks to address issues that go beyond the responsibilities of any one organization. Collectively, the G-20 economies account for around 85% of the gross world product (GWP), 80% of world trade (or, if excluding EU intra-trade, 75%), and two-thirds of the world population. The G-20 heads of government or heads of state have periodically conferred at summits since their initial meeting in 2008.


Priorities for 2015 
In 2015 under the Turkish Presidency, we will be building on previous Presidencies’ agenda and ensure a seamless continuity in the G20, while introducing new elements to ensure decisive collective action to provide inclusive and robust growth. 
Three pillars of the 2015 agenda will be: 
(1) Strengthening the Global Recovery and Lifting the Potential 
(2) Enhancing Resilience 
(3) Buttressing Sustainability

Energy Sustainability 
Today, there are over 1.3 billion people who do not have access to reliable energy. Considering the urgent need to take steps to tackle this global challenge, during our Presidency, we will emphasize the issues of energy access and energy investments. In this context, we will also study the reasons behind the high costs of renewable energy investment, and examine the deployment of public and private resources to fulfill the need for energy investments. Discussions on the G20 Principles on Energy Collaboration and rationalizing and phasing out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies will be continued. We note the importance of “G20 Energy Efficiency Action Plan” and will be monitoring its implementation. We also aim to improve Joint Organisations Data Initiative and follow up the implementation of price reporting agencies principles to improve energy market transparency. 


The Turkish Presidency kicked off on December 1st. Throughout the year, our Finance Ministers and Sherpas will meet four times at various venues. The Leaders’ Summit will be held in Antalya on November 15-16, 2015. In addition to the regular meetings of the G20, some other Ministerial meetings will be convened on selected topics throughout the year. 

For more info: 


New Antalya Stadium is the world's largest solar stadium project with 1.4 MWp capacity


New 33 thousand capacity Antalya Arena stadium will utilize solar energy through panels on its rooftop. This is Turkey's First Solar Powered Stadium and besides having the biggest rooftop solar energy system, the stadium draws attention in the mean of being the biggest solar energy stadium in the world.
SEISO Energy completed the project which has a capacity of 1,4 MWp. 

13,000 square meters of solar panels will provide electric for the stadium and be able to feed the city grid with any excess electricity generated.


In the stadium, there are almost 6.000 photovoltaic solar panels and 60 inverter units.


Antalya becomes one of the solar powerhouses of the nation, this world-class project will surely drive the region more towards utilizing solar energy.


Expected to generate yearly 2,150 MWh electricity, the project was initiated according to Antalya Youth and Sports City Directorate’s two 700 kW unlicensed PV plant application.





Monday, February 10, 2014

Start of EU Membership Negotiations With Serbia and The European Integration of Western Balkans


After the collapse of the Soviet Union, organizations such as the European Union (EU) and the NATO increase their activities in the Balkans, and the former Communist Bloc started to join these organizations as their members. In this process, Croatia became the latest member of the EU on 1 July 2013. On 21 January 2014, Serbia began negotiations for EU membership.


Serbia towards the EU...
Along with 5 other Western Balkans countries, Serbia was identified as a potential candidate for EU membership during the Thessaloniki European Council summit in 2003. In 2008, a European partnership for Serbia was adopted, setting out priorities for the country's membership application, and in 2009 Serbia formally applied. In March 2012 Serbia was granted EU candidate status. In September 2013 a Stabilization and Association Agreement between the EU and Serbia entered into force. In line with the decision of the European Council in June 2013 to open accession negotiations with Serbia, the Council adopted in December 2013 the negotiating framework and agreed to hold the 1st Intergovernmental Conference with Serbia in January 2014. On 21 January 2014, the 1st Intergovernmental Conference took place, signaling the formal start of Serbia's accession negotiations.


The EU Membership negotiations are difficult to predict in advance how long one but as one of the Western Balkan counties and one of the former Yugoslav countries, Croatia's full membership negotiations with the EU lasted about six years .


Start of EU Membership Negotiations with Serbia is very important in terms of spreading the peace, democracy and the EU standards throughout all of Europe. Well, the EU membership for Serbia is an easy and convenient way? As each of candidate countries, Serbia is required to complete 35 chapters. Serbia's priorities in order to complete this chapter is required to make constitutional changes and reforms. As in all the Balkan countries, Serbia has some problems on democracy, corruption, minority rights and freedom issues. In addition, as Serbia does not recognize Kosovo's independence, this is also a problem. Thus, Serbia's accession process does not seem like an easy way.


Why Serbia wants to join the EU?
There are several reasons. The first and the most important reason is economic stability. The rate of unemployment is the biggest problem in Serbia. PM of Serbia, Ivica Dacic said, referring to Serbia's 25% unemployment rate, which sits below only Spain and Greece in the EU. The other reasons are higher standard of living, better law, less corruption, more opportunities in education, technological advancement, and free EU funds such as IPA. The second level of benefits is energy stability, EU law as member's protection in many aspects, no visa....


The EU is huge market. EU membership is a chance for Serbia to join the world's largest trading bloc and will offer access to funding for infrastructure projects and the country's poorer regions.


Serbia can join the EU without Recognizing of Kosovo?
On Tuesday, January 21, 2014, after the start of Serbia's accession negotiations with the EU, Kosovo issue has come directly to mind. Serbian President Tomislav Nikolic said that his country will not recognize Kosovo's independence as the price for entering the European Union.


While "normalization" of ties between Serbia and Kosovo is a key criterion for each side's hopes of European integration, MEPs remain divided on whether “normalized" relations must include mutual diplomatic recognition. Ulrike Lunacek, European Parliament rapporteur for Kosovo, on Monday that Serbia would have to recognize the independence of its former province before joining the EU because the club does not want “a second Cyprus. “Even the non-recognizers [of Kosovo's independence] won’t accept Serbia in the EU if Serbia does not recognize it [Kosovo] because that would mean something like Cyprus,” she added. The EU allowed Cyprus to join in 2004 although the island remains divided into Greek and Turkish areas. Many European politicians have since described this as a mistake, as the Cyprus government has used its position inside the EU to isolate Turkish Cypriots. “The ideal thing would be to have both countries joining at the same time," the MEP said, referring to Kosovo and Serbia.


Serbia expects everything positive from the EU, except Kosovo - a hot potato in the mouth. Kosovo got independency, someone should accept in Belgrade. It's not possible overnight. As you know economic stability is primary reason of EU membership. There will not be easy to become member, there are many things to do. What can they lose? Kosovo? It's already independent. Actually Serbia could not control Kosovo for almost a three decade. They have border with Albania, but Kosovars didn't cooperate in anything.


Is there any other option for Serbia except EU membership in its foreign policy?
Right now, it seems there is no another option. Russia is far and didn't invest so much in Serbia, Greece is in debt. Who will help? Milosevic try to walk alone and gave up.



Does Russia support Serbia's Eu membership?
Yes, why not? It's better to sell expensive gas to EU and young members or candidates. Russia only does not support Serbian NATO membership. The enlargement process of the EU continues, and the Union's eastern border has reached to the Balkan countries and the Black Sea. During the Cold War, Russia saw Balkans as backyard is a fact. Primarily need to mention here is that the Russia's Cold War tactics that will not be very effective in the Balkans today, because Russia has not a good offer for Balkan countries to be an alternative for EU.

However, Russia has not given up her interests in the Balkans. The EU aims to diversify away from Russian natural gas supplies, but Russian gas supplies destined for Europe will pass directly through the Balkans. Thus, Russia will continue to remain Europe's primary energy supplier.


Moreover, Serbia cannot be an island inside the EU. Switzerland is exception with reason. Russia intend to have own player inside EU. Why to do that? Gas is very expensive now. In last 10 years, the price was going up for 70-100%.


If Serbia joins to Eu, how it will affect Western Balkans?
You cannot be new member and immediately spread some negative things, but if Serbia joins to the EU, Western Balkans positively affected by this imminent event. Serbia’s EU Membership can provide more stability in this region.


 İsa Burak GONCA



References

European Commission, “Enlargement: Serbia”, 2014,

JOY, Oliver “Serbian Prime Minister: We will be next to join European Union”, CNN, 2013, 

Kosovo Compromise, “Serbia Must Recognise Kosovo to Join EU, MEP”, 2014, 

RUPNIK,  Jacques, “The Western Balkans and The EU: The hour of Europe”, Chaillot Papers, June 2011





Wednesday, July 17, 2013

The European Union Institutions and Their Functions


Unlike other international organizations, the European Union, just as a state, has several institutions.  

Even looking at the EU's institutions, realizes that her uniqueness

 
According to the Article 13 of the Treaty of the European Union, the European Union's institutions shall be:

  • The European Parliament
  • The European Commission
  • The Council of the European Union
  • The European Council
  • Court of Justice of the European Union
  • The European Court of Auditors
  • The European Central Bank
  • Other institution, body and Agencies



In the EU's unique institutional set-up:
  • the EU's broad priorities are set by the European Council, which brings together national and EU-level leaders
  • directly elected MEPs represent European citizens in the European Parliament
  • the interests of the EU as a whole are promoted by the European Commission, whose members are appointed by national governments
  • governments defend their own country's national interests in the Council of the European Union.

Setting the agenda

The European Council sets the EU's overall political direction – but has no powers to pass laws. Led by its President – currently Herman Van Rompuy – and comprising national heads of state or government and the President of the Commission, it meets for a few days at a time at least every 6 months.

Law-making

There are 3 main institutions involved in EU legislation:
  • the European Parliament, which represents the EU’s citizens and is directly elected by them;
  • the Council of the European Union, which represents the governments of the individual member countries. The Presidency of the Council is shared by the member states on a rotating basis.
  • the European Commission, which represents the interests of the Union as a whole.
Together, these three institutions produce through the "Ordinary Legislative Procedure" (ex "co-decision") the policies and laws that apply throughout the EU. In principle, the Commission proposes new laws, and the Parliament and Council adopt them. The Commission and the member countries then implement them, and the Commission ensures that the laws are properly applied and implemented.
Decision-making in the EU – more on EU law-making procedures

Other EU institutions

Two other institutions play vital roles:
The powers and responsibilities of all of these institutions are laid down in the Treaties, which are the foundation of everything the EU does. They also lay down the rules and procedures that the EU institutions must follow. The Treaties are agreed by the presidents and/or prime ministers of all the EU countries, and ratified by their parliaments.